COPEing with Toddler Behaviour (CWTB)

Categories

Categories associated with best practice:

  • Health Equity
  • Individual
  • PP-icon1
  • Infancy (ages 0-2) icon
  • Early Childhood (ages 3-5) icon
  • Young Adult (ages 19-24) icon
  • Adult (ages 25-64) icon
  • Before-After School Icon 1
  • Canada
  • Community/ Neighbourhood
  • daycare
  • Elementary School Icon 1
  • Health Care Setting
  • Maternal and Infant Health
  • Mental Health Icon 2
  • Recreation/ Fitness/ Sport Facilities

Overview

COPEing with Toddler Behaviour (CWTB) is an 8-session parenting course designed to enhance parents’ skills in preventing challenging behaviour in toddlers. The course uses parenting styles theory and toddler behaviour guidance as a framework and active adult learning principles. CWTB is appropriate for any parent or caregiver of a toddler 12 to 36 months old, including those at risk for social, emotional, behavioural, or developmental difficulties.
Session topics include how to use an authoritative (“backbone”) parenting style and foster a positive parent-child
relationship, have appropriate developmental expectations, tailor parenting to child temperament, prevent challenging
behaviours by planning ahead, using praise, and giving choices, respond to challenging behaviour by setting limits, redirecting, and ignoring inappropriate behaviour, and modify the environment to limit conflict.

In CWTB, large groups of parents (12-40) sit at tables of 4-6 parents each and watch video clips of confederate parents making exaggerated errors in common parent-child interaction situations. They discuss in their small groups (i.e., at their tables) the errors and the impact of the errors, as well as alternatives and the benefits of the alternatives. Large group discussion follows each small group discussion. Parents practice skills in structured home practice assignments and, in the following session, discuss their home practice and get peer support for their efforts. Each of the eight weekly sessions of CWTB is two hours long. GWTB facilitators are infant development specialists with educational backgrounds in psychology, early childhood education, or social work with additional training and experience in parent education and intervention with families of young children at risk.

A randomized controlled trial of the intervention involving 79 mothers and their children showed that the program is effective in decreasing negative child behaviours and increasing positive parenting behaviour.

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