Categories associated with best practice:
Triple P – Positive Parenting Program is a multi-level parenting and family support strategy. It aims to prevent severe behavioural, emotional and developmental problems in children by enhancing the knowledge, skills and confidence of parents.
The program is formed on the basis of five core positive-parenting principles that address specific risk and protective factors known to predict positive developmental and mental health outcomes in children:
- ensuring a safe and engaging environment
- creating a positive learning environment
- using assertive discipline
- having realistic expectations
- taking care of oneself as a parent
These five principles translate into 35 specific strategies and parenting skills that can be grouped into several major categories: parent-child relationship enhancement, encouraging desirable behaviour, teaching new skills and behaviours, managing misbehaviours, preventing problems in high-risk situations, self-regulation skills, parental mood-management and coping skills, and partner support and communication skills.
The program has five levels of intervention of increasing strength and narrowing reach. Level 1 targets the entire population through information-based strategies using the media. Selected Triple P (Level 2) is a l- to 2-session brief consultation program for parents with a specific concern about their child’s behaviour or development. Selected Triple P comprises three 120-minute seminars that can be delivered as either a stand-alone intervention whereby parents participate in only one seminar at a time (without necessarily undertaking any more than one seminar), or as part of an integrated series whereby parents undertake all three seminars across a period of several weeks. Primary Care Triple P (Level 3) is a 4-session brief consultation model for use in a primary care setting, such as child health services and family medicine, meant for parents who have a specific concern about their child and who require consultations or active skills training. Level 4 interventions are intensive 8- to 10-session parenting skills programs that can be delivered in group, individual, and self-help formats. Enhanced Triple P (Level 5) provides adjunctive interventions for families in which parenting concerns occur in the context of other major adult adjustment problems, such as marital conflict and depression. In addition to the 5 levels of the system, a number of empirically validated derivative programs have been developed.
There have been a large number of evaluations completed on the Triple P intervention, focusing on the different levels of the intervention, as well as different modes of delivery. The evaluations tend to report large effect sizes in treatment outcomes, with good maintenance of treatment gains, and high levels of participant satisfaction. Evaluations of the Triple P have consistently shown positive effects on observed and parent-reported child behaviour problems, parenting practices, and parents’ adjustment across sites, investigators, family characteristics, cultures and countries.
Primary Source Document
Contact information of developer(s) and/or implementer(s)
Health Issue(s) that is/are addressed by the Intervention
Specific Activities of the Intervention
Priority/Target Population for Intervention Delivery
Expertise Required for Implementation within the Context of the Intervention
Are there supports available for implementation?
Are there resources and/or products associated with the interventions?