Family Connections (FC)

Categories

Categories associated with best practice:

  • PP-icon1
  • Children (ages 6-12) icon
  • Young Adult (ages 19-24) icon
  • Adult (ages 25-64) icon
  • Healthy child development
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Determinants of Health: Healthy child development

Overview

Family Connections (FC) is a multi-faceted, community-based service program that works with families in their homes and in the context of their neighbourhoods to help them meet the basic needs of their children and reduce the risk of child neglect.

The program works from an ecological development framework using Bronfenbrenner’s (1979) theory of social ecology as the primary theoretical foundation.

FC uses a home-based, family-centered model of practice consistent with other home-based, tailored intervention approaches. The core components include: a) emergency assistance, b) home-based family intervention, c) service coordination with referrals targeted toward risk, and d) multifamily supportive recreational activities.

Primary Source Document

D. DePanfilis, H. Dubowitz, Family Connections: A Program for Preventing Child Neglect Child Maltreatment

Contact information of developer(s) and/or implementer(s)

Dr. Diane DePanfilis, Professor and Director, Ruth H. Young Center for Families and Children

Phone: (410) 706.3609

Email

Mailing Information: UM School of Social Work, 525 West

Intervention Focus

Intervention Goal / ObjectiveLevel(s) TargetedEquity Focus
Prevent child neglect
  • Individual level
  • Interpersonal level
People living in conditions of disadvantage are explicitly stated to be a target population of the intervention.

Health Issue(s) that is/are addressed by the Intervention

Health Promotion

    Risk Reduction

    • Other

    Specific Activities of the Intervention

    • Training offered to deliver the intervention
    • Other training session

    Priority/Target Population for Intervention Delivery

    Life Stage

    • Children (age 6-12 years)
    • Young adult (age 19-24 years)
    • Adults (age 25-64 years)

    Settings

    Educational Settings

      Community Setting

      • Home

      Outcomes

      Outcomes and Impact Chart
      Level of ImpactDescription of OutcomeEquity Focus
      Interpersonal Level

      For child safety [measured by observation of physical and psychological care using the Child Well Being Scales (CWBS)]:

      Physical care of children: A significant main effect of time for the full sample was found for the CWBS household furnishing analysis, CWBS overcrowding analysis, and the CWBS household sanitation analysis.

      Psychological Care of Children: A significant main effect of time for the full sample was found for the CWBS mental health care analysis, and the CWBS parental teaching stimulation analysis.

      Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelReduction of risk factors: A significant main effect of time for caregiver depressive symptoms (measured using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies – Depression Scale)Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelReduction of risk factors: A significant main effect of time for parenting stress (measured using the Parenting Stress Index Short Form)Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelIncrease of protective factors: For parenting attitudes (measured using the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory), the entire sample improved significantly for the empathy analysis and the Parent-Child Role Reversal analysisOutcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Community LevelIncrease of protective factors: Significant effects of time for the full sample were found for social support (measured using the Social Provisions Scale) Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelReduction of risk factors: A significant main effect of time for life stress (measured with the Every Day Stressors Index)Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelIncrease of protective factors: The overall sample improved for parenting sense of competence (measured using the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale)Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.
      Individual LevelIncrease of protective factors: There was a significant effect over time for the full sample for child behaviour (measured by caregiver report of externalizing and internalizing child behaviour problems using the Child Behaviour Checklist)Outcomes are reported for people living in conditions of disadvantage, and are not compared to people living in more advantaged conditions.

      Adaptability

      Implementation History

      • Multiple implementations - Similar settings/populations/providers - The intervention has been implemented more than twice in the same setting with the same population by similar providers, and is theoretically applicable to other settings and/or populations. This can include multiple implementations during the same time period. *Each implementation of the intervention must have been substantially the same and must have demonstrated positive results for the primary objectives of the intervention.

      Expertise Required for Implementation within the Context of the Intervention

      • Requires specialzed skills that are rarely accessible within the context - The intervention requires the participation of personnel with advanced skills (e.g. medical doctors, epidemiologists, social workers) and that are rarely accessible within the intervention context.

      Are there supports available for implementation

      No.

      Are there resources and/or products associated with the interventions

      No.